We Hold These Truths

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

Thomas Jefferson
Declaration of Independence

Natural Law is the principle that the basis of what is “right” or “good” for humanity or for an individual person or, perhaps even for other conscious or living entities, follows directly from the nature of the entity in question regardless of any arbitrary or human set of laws or customs. This is an ancient principle in human thought. It is discussed in some of the earliest philosophy of Western Civilization. For instance, the idea was advocated by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle in the 4th century BC that what is “just by nature” is not always the same as what is “just by law.”

The principle of Natural Law is at the foundation of American idealism. It is expressed directly by Thomas Jefferson as the basis of the fundamental “unalienable Rights” of all human beings in his famous statement quoted above from the Declaration of Independence. And it is strongly implied in the founding legal document of our country, the Constitution of the United States of America, in the act of reserving for “the people” all powers not specifically granted to the government.

Fundamental Truths of the nature of mankind.

We hold these truths to be self evident.

Not based on religion. By definition (self evident) not based on religious texts.

Ideals and Philosophy
Ideals Intro

Importance of philosophy (everybody has one)

Promoting ideals even if inconsistent with past or even present in nation is not hypocrisy. No other way to change. Example of slavery.

Ideals around the world.
Not all equivalent. Ready for democratic republic? Education.

Must align with natural order. Reality. Book: Ishmael

People too often look for the words of an authority to tell them what is “true” or what is “good.” They say, “because Moses or the prophets said so-and-so, it is true,” or “because Jesus said this or that, it is good.”

Instead, they should look with open eyes and a clear mind at the world around them for what is true. For what is good, they should search their own hearts and judge how what they find there may help or harm their brothers and sisters. And then they should do only that which will not harm.

– Anonymous

Ethics & Morality

Where do they come from?

God? Holy Scripture?

Evolutionary sources.
Mankind is a social creature.

“Objective” ethics?

The Golden Rule

quote golden rule, critique; appreciation; “most human”

Sam Harris is Right

Sam Harris is Wrong

nuke Iran, profiling, torture, facism

Tragedy of the Commons

cheats, suckers, grudgers

the only system that is actually more on is one based on a reason empathy and courage.every the actual practical system is based on these things.